- Integrated land-use & transport
- Modes & capacity increases
In countries where tramways had survived the massive closures of the 50’s and 60’s, e.g. Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, many remaining systems have been modernised and upgraded and may now be called “light rail systems”. In many other countries, where tramways had disappeared from the streets, completely new systems have been developed since the mid-70’s. This was the case in North America, in the Asia-Pacific area and in a few European countries such as the United Kingdom and France.