MCD survey suggests network improvements most effective when coupled with policy overhaul
UITP has released its latest report investigating mobility in metropolitan areas worldwide. Released mid-way through the period covered by the UITP PTx2 strategy of doubling public transport market share by 2025, the report tracks progress and shows the evolution of mobility patterns in key cities worldwide.
Overall results show a positive trend in terms of public transport modal share, while significant improvements have been made in terms of improving public transport supply, in cities both in developed and developing countries. Based on the in-depth analysis of a wide range of indicators from 60 metropolitan areas, the report identifies policies underpinning growth in public transport modal share.
Alain Flausch, UITP Secretary General said “improvements in public transport give us cause for optimism, but in order to reach our ambitious objective for 2025 this is not enough. The MCD report shows that the cities performing best are those where public transport improvements were integrated with measures to reduce the demand for private car transport, as well as urban planning policies aimed at reducing urban sprawl and increasing urban density.”
More space for 'economically-productive functions'
Data used in this report were collected for 60 metropolitan areas worldwide for the year 2012. The database covers demography, the economy, urban structure, the number and use of private vehicles (including taxi), the road network, public transport networks (infrastructure and rolling stock, supply and demand, farebox revenue), and mobility patterns. These data were compared to those collected for the years 1995 and 2001, in previous editions of the Mobility in Cities Database, when the same detailed definitions for data and metropolitan areas could be used. The harmonisation of data between cities and through time was made difficult by the dispersion of sources, the diversity of methodologies, and the limited availability of data. Detailed common definitions were used to provide data of the best possible quality.
Professor Lewis Fulton from the University of California Davis commented on the report during the plenary session at the World Congress & Exhibition and presented his conclusions on the economic implications of a high shift to public transport scenario.“Our strategy to double the market share of public transport worldwide by 2025 is about cities: making them better places to live and work,” said ￼Secretary General Alain Flausch.
“Our data shows that cities with a higher public transport market share use less of their urban space for transport. This space can then be used for recreational as well as economically-productive functions. The results so far show great cause for optimism but also highlight the work that still needs to be done in terms of increasing urban density and managing private car use in order to reach our ambitious 2025 objective”.
The Mobility in Cities Database synthesis report is available free of charge to UITP members and non-members alike. The full database and a comprehensive analysis report will be published during the autumn of 2015.