A few months ago, UITP was proud to announce the final three candidates in line to host the 2021 UITP Global Public Transport Summit. As the final decision has yet to be made, we would like to take this opportunity to put each candidate city in the spotlight and find out what makes each city an excellent location for the biggest international public transport event.
Our final three potential-host cities are Hamburg, Melbourne and Moscow. Here with us today is the Head of the Department of Transport, Maxim Liksutov (with the input of his peers in subordinate organisations) to present the case of Moscow, Russia!
Can you use three words to qualify your city’s candidacy?
Dynamic, exciting, diverse – the city is changing every day.
Why should UITP come to your city over the others? How does your city stand out?
Moscow is an experienced host of major international events. In the popular imagination, Moscow transport still evokes images of endless traffic jams and parked cars blocking sidewalks; a city made for automobiles rather than residents. However, this image has grown rapidly out of date in recent years. Few cities worldwide can boast such rapid and comprehensive improvement. Moscow’s entire face is changing – including new rail lines, integrated web apps, unprecedented growth in car sharing, a new street parking network, and new dedicated bus lanes, to name a few key indicators – and we want to share these changes with the world.
Not only has Moscow kept pace with changes in other big cities, it has also innovated especially in areas like client services, use of Big Data in emergency response, its ticketing system, and others, which will provide useful models for international visitors. In addition, the scope of its transit options – including one of the world’s most beautiful and efficient Metro networks, plus an integrated network of trams, buses, trolleybuses, mini-buses, bike-lanes and greenways – means there is literally something for everyone to observe. We welcome the chance to host the UITP Summit, and invite you to drive, ride, bike, and walk around our city!
What makes your city’s public transport stand out over the others?
Moscow has one of the world’s busiest and most complex public transport systems. Each weekday, 20 million trips are made. It also stands out for its efficiency: the metropolitan area is home to over 20 million people, yet 68% of all trips are made via public transport.
With 87% of Muscovites currently living within walking distance of metro stations, it is not an accident that Moscow has been included among the top three candidates. Any city cannot but envy the scale of projects implemented in the past six years, and people want to find out how Moscow has managed to do that.
What is the most recent public transport development in your city?
Moscow Government is implementing a comprehensive programme to improve the transport situation in the city. Our goal is to make transport as comfortable as possible and to satisfy every citizen with its quality. In just seven years, 60 new stations of the Metro and the Moscow Central Circle were built. The launch of new lines and stations continues. Since the beginning of 2018 we have opened nine metro stations. New stations are built according to a plan up to the year 2025. All in all, today there are 252 metro stations in Moscow, including the 31 stations of Moscow Central Circle.
Today Moscow is one of the leaders of rolling stock modernisation. Since 2010, more than 8,000 units of surface transport and 1.6 metro cars have been purchased. The overall share of renewed rolling stock has reached 40%, and for surface transit – 90%. Today the average age of a Moscow bus is 4.5 years.
We also purchase transport units accessible for passengers with reduced mobility. 98% of all surface transport units are adapted for such passengers. What is more, since 2013 the bike service is available in Moscow as well. Today it offers 3,600 bikes through 380 bike-sharing stations.
Car sharing is a new opportunity on the market of urban public transport in Moscow. It is a fast-developing private business segment. In 2015 the service of short-term car rent was represented only with 100 cars, but today is ready to offer 6,500 cars.
What is the must-see place in your city? And does your city’s PT provide good access to the best spots for tourists?
Moscow is a unique cultural center with a rich history. Most of the sights are concentrated in the city centre – the world-famous complex of museums of the Moscow Kremlin, the Bolshoi Theater, the Tretyakov Gallery, the Pushkin Museum, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior and St. Basil’s Cathedral. Over the past few years, several new parks have been opened in Moscow - one of them, Zaryadye Park, is located near the Kremlin walls.
Moscow public transport is the most convenient and rapid way to move around the centre of Moscow. Travelling on public transport is convenient both for Moscow citizens and guests, as the navigation system is easy to understand and is translated into English.
To ensure greater convenience for passenger, in 2013 we introduced the electronic wallet smart card – ‘Troika’, which saves time in line and reduces transit costs by up to 50%. To date, more than 17 million cards have been issued, and ‘Troika’ cards can be replenished in 50 thousand points of the city and online. ‘Troika’ is not only a modern transportation card, but it is also the real key to the city, which can be used to pay for visiting museums, planetarium, and zoo. Thanks to the loyalty program, in the near future, card users will be able to get bonuses from partners of the program, which include various retail chains, cafes, restaurants, cinemas, commercial carriers and online stores. Moreover, members of the loyalty program will be informed about the transport situation along routes, the availability of free parking and bicycles, and events and activities taking place in the city.
Why is hosting the UITP Summit so important for your city? Why did you enter the bidding process in the first place?
Since 2011, Moscow has been implementing a comprehensive programme for the development of public transport, which was created with the participation of leading world experts. The world’s best practices were analysed and adapted, which allowed us to make qualitative changes in the transport situation in the city.
To date, the Moscow public transport development programme has been elaborated up to the year 2025. It aims at improving road safety, increasing the share of environmentally friendly transport on the roads, renewing rolling stock, reconstructing roads, introducing new dedicated lanes, building new metro lines and suburban railways, launching of new convenient land transport routes and the creation of comfortable pedestrian areas and bicycle infrastructure. Each day we are creating the Moscow of the future. It's exciting, and it's worth seeing with one’s own eyes.
Each day we are creating the Moscow of the future. It's exciting, and it's worth seeing with one’s own eyes.
For us it is important to host the Summit not only to demonstrate our achievements and to discuss them with the transport community. We would also like to enable Russian regional authorities and Russian companies to participate in this major industry event. Only together can we contribute to improving the quality of life in Russian cities, which are currently experiencing a boom in motorisation. It is important to give these cities an opportunity to get acquainted with the world experience, and, perhaps, to share their vision.
We strongly believe that our close cooperation with the world expert community will allow us to continue developing effective public transport facilities in Moscow and in Russia, and will become a key to common future success.
Thank you to Mr Liksutov and his colleagues for their excellent answers and for providing us with some detailed depictions of life in the city of Moscow, and especially why it stands out as a public transport city!
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