Production costs for public transport services increased significantly throughout Italy. National public transport association ASSTRA estimates the additional costs for fuels and traction electricity at €155 million and €509 million, respectively, for the first eight months of 2022.
National public transport association AGENS, the Association that represents the transport sector and services in Confindustria, calculated that in the first half of 2022, the average electricity price was approximately 0.437 €/kWh compared to 0.207 €/kWh in 2019, an increase of more than 100 per cent. This dramatically increases costs for a sector that consumes about 3.4 billion kWh per year, primarily for electromobility by road and rail.
Government measures to mitigate the effects of the crisis include reduced excise duty rates for fuels, containment of methane general expenses, tax credits for methane and electricity, as well as €140 million to cover the higher fuel costs of the second and third quarter of 2022.
In 2022, ATM (Azienda Trasporti Milanesi) benefitted both from the positive effects of electricity procurement contracts signed in 2021 and a regulation on system charges. However, with the reintroduction of system charges, ATM expects a significant rise in electricity costs from around €45 million in 2022 to €140-150 million in 2023. Fuel costs for ATM – net of excise duty – went from €19.5 million in 2021 to €27 million in 2022 and heating costs rose from €3.8 million to €9.5 million.