Operators, authorities and even manufacturers have to understand all aspects of climate change in order to stay resilient and guarantee future quality service. On top of understanding the measures to limit carbon emissions, they also need to understand the impact climate change will have on their environment and the impact it will have on their services.
In building resilience to climate change, public transport needs to mitigate and adapt at the same time. Climate mitigation means to limit the impacts of climate change by preventing or reducing the emission of greenhouse gasses. Climate adaptation meanwhile, is the process of adjusting services, equipment and procedures to the future effects of climate change.
When adapting to climate change, an operator that previously had no need for air conditioning in busses, might need to take higher temperatures into account when tendering for new vehicles. If the rise in temperature in their area of operations turns out to be too severe, they might even choose to upgrade older equipment.
The effects of temperature increases can go much further. Some research shows for example that hotter days see more delays. And other forms of extreme weather like heavy rain fall, wind, or snow and ice can have tremendous effect. From financial impact and security issues to disturbances in operational continuity and impacts on other city infrastructures.
Even though every situation is different, combining data from across the globe will create a holistic picture of potential investments and their returns in different circumstances.