Our evolving sector is booming with a vast array of transport services: from metros and buses, to the sharing of bikes, cars or e-scooters, taxis and other on-demand services as well as Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) offerings. Yet, this availability of transport services alone does not necessarily enable smooth multimodality and generate a more sustainable and inclusive mobility system. Combined mobility is a strategy which looks at how to develop synergies between mass public transport and other mobility services, with the aim of providing better mobility options for citizens as a real alternative to the private car while building a more sustainable mobility system for the common good.
While mass public transport is the backbone of urban mobility, new mobility services can provide a flexible solution in the first and last mile. Or they can be especially useful to help reach city outskirts and suburbs or less accessible sites, and at non-peak hours when traditional transport modes are not running. The complementarity between the different modes of public transport provide travellers with safe, reliable and accessible mobility from door to door.