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EU funded


  • Europe
  • Electric bus
  • Electric vehicle
  • European Research projects

European Bus Systems of the Future 2

Advanced solutions for improved efficiency and attractiveness of urban bus systems

The European Bus System of the Future 2 (EBSF_2), coordinated by UITP, was a joint collaboration of industries, operators and authorities and allows testing and evaluating a set of technological solutions for improved efficiency of urban and suburban bus systems as well as attractiveness to the users.

Demonstrations in real service in 12 cities (Barcelona, Dresden, Gothenburg, Helsinki, London, Lyon, Madrid, Paris Area, Paris City, Ravenna, San Sebastian, and Stuttgart) addressed several key areas for innovation:

  • Energy strategy and auxiliaries
  • Green driver assistance systems
  • IT standards introduction in existing fleets
  • Vehicle design (capacity, modularity, accessibility)
  • Intelligent garage and predictive maintenance
  • Interface between the bus and  urban infrastructures.

The technological innovations tested within the demonstrations dealt with a wide range of bus systems, from BRT to local lines, and all current propulsion technologies. They have been identified according to their technological maturity in order to ensure an easy commercialisation after the project is finished.

Key solutions that still require more steps for a wide acceptance in the market were also evaluated in the project through the use of prototypes and simulation tools.

One of the main outcomes of the EBSF2 project was the Design Charter for Innovative E-buses. This Charter is structured as a sequence of 21 concepts presented step by step, along a bus passenger journey. The EBSF2 Design Charter can be accessed here.

Further deliverables of EBSF2 are available on MyLibrary.

More information (out of service as of 2023)

EBSF2 was coordinated by UITP.

  • 42


  • May 2015-April 2018


  • €12.4m



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