UITP has taken concrete steps to further advance the health agenda everywhere in the world. Participating in the World Health Organisation’s First Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health, UITP has announced three new important steps to help fight air pollution in urban areas and prioritise the health and quality of life for urban residents.
UITP, the World Health Organisation and the Climate and Clean Air Coalition have signed a partnership will ensure that our efforts are coordinated to expand the reach of our common objectives.
We have also announced the establishment of a ‘Health Cluster’, in the framework of the Mobility Champions Community launched earlier this year by UITP and United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG).
In the context of the launch of this Health Cluster, UITP has published a Policy Brief which includes four recommendations on Integrating mobility health impact in decision-making. It will help generate the necessary debate and, more importantly, to call for action at the global level through the extensive UCLG and UITP networks. As cities will keep getting bigger, more health challenges will emerge for the population. Public transport is key to enable active modes and improve air quality.
Public transport is key to enable active modes and improve air quality.
This Policy Brief presents four case studies, based on the four recommendations, which highlight the guiding principles to rethinking the delivery of transport and mobility services in urban environments.
In order to integrate the health impacts of urban mobility into decision-making there is a need for change. A first step is to recognise that health is not a problem Public Transport Authorities (PTAs) can solve on their own, it cuts across the boundaries of existing administrations and therefore requires a joint action. Such a joint action should draw on mutual dependencies and horizontal relationships with a multiplicity of stakeholders, questioning the notion of scales, levels of government and sectoral boundaries.
In the context of World Cities Day and the WHO First Global Conference on Air Pollution this week, we will be presenting a series of news articles on the four case studies presented in this paper.
The first case study presents: 'Feasibility studies for a clean air zone in Greater Manchester'.
In Greater Manchester, road traffic is responsible for 65% of nitrogen dioxide (NOX) emissions. In response to the air quality issue in a range of UK cities, the UK Government released the Air Quality Plan which includes a zero emission vehicles target by 2050.
To comply with the national Air Quality Plan, the ten Greater Manchester councils have agreed to collaborate on developing a city region-wide package of measures to tackle the issue, including Clean Air Zone (CAZ) options. At the local level, if implemented, a CAZ would need to also integrate with and support wider plans, supporting local ambitions.
This is where the newly revised Transport for Greater Manchester 1 (TfGM) plays its organising role. Without contesting the national initiative, TfGM must ensure the successful implementation, which is the integration, at the local level. Subsequently, working from the bottom up TfGM has both recommended adjustments from the government, such as fiscal incentives to encourage low pollutant performance in urban areas, and coordinated a consistent understanding of the problem and analysis of local policy options across the ten city region councils.
This work will culminate in a city region wide Clean Air Plan by the end of 2018. This case is a perfect illustration of an inter-scale dialogue that should lead to a legitimate and acceptable implementation of a national policy.
Stay tuned for more case studies from the Policy Brief this week!