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The InvestEU Programme builds on the model of the Investment Plan for Europe. It will bring together, under one roof, the European Fund for Strategic Investments and 13 other EU financial instruments, including CEF Debt Instrument and CEF Equity Instrument. Also, Invest EU consolidates related advisory facilities to support the implementation of the available funding. InvestEU aims to mobilise more than €372 billion of public and private investment through an EU budgetary guarantee of €26.2 billion that backs the investment of implementing partners such as the European Investment Bank Group (implementing 75% of InvestEU) and other financial institutions.
InvestEU support may be provided through loans, guarantees, counter-guarantees, capital market instruments, credit-enhancement instruments, direct and indirect equity or quasi-equity. The Fund is a market-based and demand-driven instrument, with strong emphasis on EU policy priorities. InvestEU supports four main Policy Windows with investments in sustainable, safer and smart mobility projects eligible under the Sustainable Infrastructure policy window (38% of the total guarantee). Funds for the InvestEU programme can be used to finance riskier transport-related measures. InvestEU includes the possibility to blend its support with EU grants and financial instruments from sectorial programmes and is correlated with the RRF. Hence, Member States may voluntarily implement parts of their national recovery and resilience plans through InvestEU.
The InvestEU Programme consists of 3 building blocks: the InvestEU Fund; the InvestEU Advisory Hub; and the InvestEU digital portal. At least 30% of InvestEU goes towards climate-relevant objectives, with the Sustainable Infrastructure policy window reaching 60%. Moreover, InvestEU will serve as part of the European Green Deal Investment Plan and provide the second pillar of the Just Transition Mechanism through a “Just Transition” scheme. Here, investment guidelines for each of the policy windows adopted as delegated acts include the arrangements for detailed implementation of the scheme.